Sunday, June 27, 2004

Mayor Lynched, cont.: It's the Miami Herald's (registration: peruvia@peruvia.com/peruvia) turn to report from Ilave. Instead of detecting a continent wide rift (like last Thursday's NYTimes), reporters Tyler Bridges and Carla D'nan Bass see indigenous groups in Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia "experiencing a political awakening that could have profound repercussions for each country's democracy." (Ms. Bass is the Herald's stringer in Quito) NOTE: "Lost in the headlines of that brutal act in Ilave was the rare Aymara protest, the latest sign of the growing activism by the large indigenous populations in the Andean nations of Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia." ALSO: "It was Aymaras and Quechuas in Bolivia who fueled the popular revolt last year that forced the resignation of pro-U.S. President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada" and "indigenous groups in Ecuador helped overthrow President Jamil Mahuad in 2000 and elect one of the revolt's leaders, former army Col. Lucio Gutiérrez, as president in 2002." Common Factor: "In each of the three nations, Indians tend to be overwhelmingly poor, underrepresented in the legislatures and opponents of U.S. and Wall Street-backed free-market policies." CITED: Juan Ignacio Siles del Valle (Bolivian Foreign Minister), Ricardo Calla Ortega (Bolivian Minister of Indian Affairs), Eduardo Gamarra (Florida International University), Alvaro García Linera (Bolivian sociologist), Kintto Lucas (Ecuadorean author and editor of Tintaji). BACKGROUND: See April 27's Peruvia for how the foreign press began to report on Ilave. Of the major USA dailies, the Los Angeles Times was the first to report from Ilave (see May 24's Peruvia) and the New York Times followed up a full month later (see June 24's Peruvia). While the Miami Herald was the first to report on the April 24 incident, today's article is the first time they had their reporters on the scene.

Truth Commission in Photos: The New York Times (registration: peruvia/peruvia) reviews Yuyanapaq, the photo exhibit at Casa Riva Agüero (Malecón Grau 477, Chorrillos), where there are "raw photographs intended to recall the horrors of a 20-year terror war." NOTE: "What began as a temporary photo exhibit - commissioned by the government's Truth Commission has become a critically acclaimed and popular museum. Its future financing is uncertain, but the museum has fulfilled the hopes of its creators by becoming a testament to 70,000 Peruvians who perished in the country's long [civil] conflict." CITED: Pedro Meyer (photographer from Mexico), Salomón Lerner (La Catolica University and Truth Commission president), Mayu Mohanna (chief curator), Nancy Chappell (curator). ALSO: "The exhibition has traveled to Germany and to New York. In June, it will be seen in Barcelona." These are the three photographs that the newspaper offered: one, two, and three. SEE ALSO: The Truth Commission's web site has a review of the exhibit. IN SPANISH: See El Comercio's coverage of the exhibit from November 2003.

Peruvians Abusing Peruvians, cont.: The New York Times finally takes note of the nearly 70 Peruvians who were held in semi-slavery in Long Island not in their news pages but rather in a local edition's opinion section. "As long as the demand for cheap labor remains limitless, Long Island's pull will be strong. So will the dangers to immigrants who respond. Last week federal officials raided homes in Amityville, Brentwood and Coram that they said had housed nearly 70 people who were smuggled here from Peru, then held in squalor and indentured servitude." SEE ALSO: 'Peruvian Abusing Peruvians' in June 23's Peruvia.

Asparagus Wars, cont.: The Seattle Times begins a series on globalization and its effects on their local economy. The series is introduced with an opinion column by their executive editor titled: 'Asparagus first course on global-economy menu.' Following a melodramatic introduction, ("The globalization of the economy is having dramatic consequences. Nowhere is the impact greater than in Washington, the most trade-dependent state in America."), it notes the problem: Washington State has had "nearly 17,000 acres of asparagus fields, 60%, have been plowed under since 1991, when the U.S. signed a trade agreement that dropped tariffs on farm imports from Peru and other Andean countries." NOTE: Jacqui Banaszynski, is the editor "who is overseeing a Seattle Times special report on how globalization is fundamentally changing the economy here" in a series that begins with a story on "the shifting production of asparagus overseas." The first article of the series is from Chincha Alta, Ica and begins with Tomasa Magallanes "stuffing asparagus into cans ... for Del Monte, one of the largest U.S. vegetable packers, who moved its entire asparagus operation here last year." THESIS: "Pull back, and the global economy can be seen as more than a job-for-job tally of winners and losers." NOTE: "During the 1990s, as the U.S. economy soared, Peru's exports doubled. That poured billions of dollars into Peru's economy, helping provide schools and medical care for impoverished families." CITED: Charles Brown (Washington asparagus lobbyist); and First Lady Elaine Karp (whose remark two years ago in Seattle, 'By the way, we know how to make dehydrated potatoes in Peru as well' is taken as a threatening remark); Carlos Arrese (Agrokasa, Peru's largest exporter of fresh asparagus); Larry Fuell (former agricultural attaché to the U.S. Embassy in Lima); Miguel Nicolini (Sociedad Agricola Viru); Jorge Fernandini (Peruvian Institute for Asparagus and Vegetables); and Agro Industrias Backus. ALSO: "How asparagus shifted to Peru is a quirky tale, but typical of the way trade agreements can suddenly shift an industry offshore." NOTE: "Chavimochic, a $1 billion, 110-mile concrete canal that carries glacial water from the Andes to irrigate a vast coastal desert." The article is accompanied by several photographs including picking asparagus at Agricola Viru and at Agrokasa; the asparagus processing plant at Agricola Viru; the Backus Asparagus factory; Tomasa Magallanes and her family; and the new town of San Jose, Ica. Irene Keliher and Meylin Zink Yi are credited as "Spanish interpreters in Peru."

JSilva Ruete – ‘Better Days Ahead’: Reuters interviews Central Bank president Javier Silva Ruete at the annual meeting of Central Bankers in Basel. "Peru's economy should grow by nearer to 5% than an official 4% target this year, while inflation should stay within its 1.5% to 3.5% fluctuation band," said Silva Ruete. ALSO: "Peru is about to start pumping its own natural gas, [and it will have the] impact of better road transport links with Brazil should boost Latin America's seventh-biggest economy." NOTE: Silva Ruete said "There is great fear about higher [U.S.] interest rates." Silva Ruete was also quoted in a separate Reuters story declaring, "World economic health is much better."

LHorna Reviewed: The New York Times Magazine runs a profile on professional tennis scout Brad Gilbert, "one of the most active 'scouters' in tennis." Says the reporter, "In Houston, I sat with [Gilbert] as he scouted the match between Todd Martin, an American, and Luis Horna, a Peruvian. 'I've seen Todd play plenty, I've played against him, but I've never seen Horna,' Gilbert told me. After watching a few games, Gilbert was impressed. 'Andy told me that he thought Todd would pull the match out, but I don't know,' he said. 'Horna's got a good return, and that's important against Andy. And for a little guy, Horna can pop a serve.'"

SBaca in Concert, cont.: The Independent reviews Susana Baca's concert (wth Yusa and Lila Downs) at London's Royal Festival Hall. Baca's band "was deftly accomplished, but its volume was held in check to allow her to set up sweet confidentiality with the audience. With the aid of her Instituto Negrocontinuo, she campaigns tirelessly on behalf of the music she grew up singing, to her father's accompaniment, in her Peruvian village." SEE ALSO: 'SBaca in Concert' at the end of June 20's Peruvia.

Californians Travel to Peru:
- The Los Angeles Times runs a travel piece on "a weeklong digital photography workshop in which participants work with local children" in Ollantaytambo.
- The San Jose Mercury News runs a (very) short travel piece on the Cordillera Azul National Park.
- The Sacramento Bee notes a local trip that will go to Pisco, Pachacamac, Islas Ballestas, Arequipa Monastery, Chivay and Machu Picchu.

Farfán Joins PSV, cont.: The Miami Herald misses the scoop and reports that "Alianza Lima forward Jefferson Farfán, 19, might be headed to Dutch club PSV Eindhoven. He had talks with English club Chelsea and was recently named to Peru's Copa America squad." DETAILS: See yesterday's Peruvia for the details of PSV picking up Farfán.

Medical Team to Las Brisas, Lima: Florida's Jupiter Courier reports on a local medical group that "traveled to Las Brisas, a poverty-stricken neighborhood outside Lima to provide medical services to indigent residents there." NOTE: Dr. Jimmy McDowell said, "You know right away, it smells like a Third World country." ALSO: "Upon their arrival, they were put up at a hotel that was primitive, at best, McDowell said. 'A bed and shower, no hot water, just protection from the outside. And we never saw the sun shine once. Very colorless.' " The article comes accompanied by several photographs of the trip, including one of Dr. McDowell.

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