Saturday, July 10, 2004

Peruvians Abusing Peruvians: New York's Newsday continues with their investigation on the 69 Peruvians who were caught up in a human smuggling ring in Long Island. While 59 of the victims "have been granted the right to live in the United States while they apply for permanent residency," ten others are in different stages of immigration procedures. Three of the individuals have already decided to return to Peru. CITED: Judge Steven Abrams; and immigrant lawyer, Daniel Green, who said "his clients feared they could be targeted by cells of the ring in Peru if deported." ALSO NAMED: Detainees Antonio Valle, Pablo Rios, Henry Ramirez, Dave Vega. "Vega did not seek asylum and volunteered to be removed to Peru, where his wife awaits his return." SEE ALSO: 'Peruvians Abusing Peruvians' in July 6's Peruvia below.

AContinente Still Flying: The Associated Press reports that AeroContinente "received a temporary government-sponsored insurance policy Saturday, permitting it to continue flying" ... "after the world's largest airline insurer, Global Aerospace, pulled its contract with Aero Continente ... on June 1." NOTE: According to "an emergency presidential decree, the Finance Ministry would act as a financial guarantor for Aero Continente for 'a period not to exceed 30 days'." ALSO: Gabriel Mohana, a lawyer with the Asociación Peruana de Empresas Aéreas, said the government took the unusual step "to avoid a disruption of tourism" during the Copa America. SEE ALSO: 'FZevallos Not Flying' in yesterday's Peruvia.

Indigenous Leaders at Int'l Conference: California's Redding Record (registration: peruvia@peruvia.com/peruvia) reports on the 30th annual conference of the International Indian Treaty Council. Among the participants: Mino Eusebio Castro, an Asháninka leader; and Javier Zavala and Eda Zavala López of Tarapoto. SEE ALSO: The Conference agenda; and a 1995 interview with Castro.

Reagan Arrives in Peru: The USA's Navy Newstand reports on the arrival of nuclear aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan to Callao for a four-day visit. Said Commanding Officer Capt. James A. Symonds, “The opportunity for us to interact with Peru professionally is a pleasure; however, the chance to explore the culture is something we can’t miss.” SEPARATELY, the USA's Navy Newstand reports on the naval exercises with the Peruvian Navy. According to William Hoker, commodore, Destroyer Squadron 7, "This is a United States and Peruvian exercise created solely for the U.S. Navy to provide us with extensive diesel ASW practice ... The Peruvian Navy was chosen for the exercise based on their expert use of diesel subs and their reputation as the best submariners in South America." ALSO: "The Peruvian navy provided more submarines, training, personnel and equipment for the exercise than was originally expected."

Professor Honoured: Canada's London Free Press (registration: peruvia/peruvia) reports that Dr. Bertha Garcia, a Peruvian expatriate and professor at the University of Western Ontario, has won a 3M Teaching Fellowship, Canada's most prestigious award for university teaching. Dr. Garcia is the chairperson and professor at UWO's Schulich School of Medicine, as well as chief of pathology at London Health Sciences Centre. SEE ALSO: A 2001 profile of Garcia in Medical Post; and a summary of her work in Abancay in 1999.

EPrado To Race: The Richmond Times-Dispatch previews Peruvian jockey Edgar Prado's run at todays $500,000 Virginia Derby at Colonial Downs riding Kitten's Joy.


NOTE: Official Schedule

Too Much Drinking? Reuters and Soccerway report on the Peruvian tem's response to charges in the headlines of the 'Aja' tabloid "claiming a pre-match drinking binge was behind [Peru's] disappointing opening performance" in the tie with Bolivia. NOTE: Peru coach Paulo Autuori cancelled a news conference and journalists were barred from watching training or talking to players as they prepared to face Venezuela."

Peru 3, Venezuela 1: The Associated Press and Reuters offer game summaries of the match including the red card that Peru captain Claudio Pizarrro received. Afterward, Agence France Press and Reuters detailed the concussion Pizarro received during the match which put hims "out of the Copa America."

Wrap Up: The Los Angeles Times, Miami Herald, and the Washington Post use wire summaries for Copa games.


Friday, July 09, 2004

CGTP Union Leader Threatened:The International of Free Trade Unions announced in a press release that they have written to President Toledo of Peru, "strongly condemning the attempted assassination of Mario Huamán Rivera, President of the General Workers’ Confederation of Peru (CGTP) and General Secretary of the Construction Workers’ Federation of Peru (FTCCP), and his family. ... In its latest letter the ICFTU has reiterated its firm support for Peruvian trade unions, and called for a thorough investigation into the attempted assassination of Mario Huamán Rivera to bring those responsible to justice." IN SPANISH: See the letter the IFTU sent to the President. SEE ALSO: 'CGTP Union Leader Threatened' in yesterday's Peruvia.

FZevallos Not Flying: The Associated Press reports that "prosecutors requested a 15-year sentence Thursday for [Fernando Zevallos] who's being tried on drug trafficking and money laundering charges." NOTE: "A key witness against Zevallos is convicted drug boss Jorge Lopez Paredes, who claims he used his planes to ship cocaine."

Peru Posible Under Investigation: Dow Jones reports that "any investigation into whether President Alejandro Toledo's political party was illegally registered with election authorities could take up to two years," according to Manuel Sanchez Palacios, head of the Jurado Nacional de Elecciones. NOTE: "The allegations of false signatures have been made by an opposition member of Parliament and have received ongoing coverage in many media outlets in Peru." ERROR: Dow Jones suggests Toledo is "a former business school professor." Toledo's Ph.D. and career was in education and not economics or business.

MBonnemaison Dies: The Washington Post publishes the obituary of Dr. Manuel F.E. Bonnemaison an orthopedic surgeon, trauma specialist and professor. NOTE: "His father and grandfather, both also named Manuel Bonnemaison, were diplomats who had served as ambassadors to several countries. His grandfather was also a naval hero, known for his exploits in war between Peru and Chile." ALSO: "Dr. Bonnemaison and his wife, Maria del Carmen Bonnemaison, the daughter of a Peruvian ambassador, met in London, courted in Lima and were married in Rome in 1959." IN SPANISH: A note of this death appeared in El Comercio.

Future Doctors Honoured: The Fogarty International Center of the USA National Institutes of Health announced in a press release the first recipients of the Fogarty-Ellison Fellowship in Global Health and Clinical Research which included two Peruvian graduate students in the health professions who will "participate in one year of mentored clinical research at an NIH-funded research center in a developing country." The fellows include: Phabiola Herrera and Magaly Blas, both students at the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Herrera is a student of Alberto Ramírez-Ramos who studies emerging infections in Peru. Blas studies under Elmer Alejandro Llanos Cuentas who works on the reduction HIV transmission.

Camisea Promised: The Associated Press reports that "Peru has presented the makings of a plan to sell Mexico natural gas," in a meeting with Minister of Energy and Mines Jaime Quijandria in Mexico City where he "presented a preliminary proposal to sell Mexico part of the 8.6 billion cubic feet of natural gas detected in his country's Camisea region." NOTE: "Quijandria said a lasting agreement is dependent on Peru building the infrastructure to first reliably transport the gas from Cuzco province to the capital of Lima and then on to the Pacific Coast for exportation to Mexico."

Montoya To Walk The USA: Connecticut newspapers profile Peruvian Julio Alejandro Montoya Morales who is "walking from Boston to Miami, despite having an artificial leg, because he wants to inspire people with physical challenges and anybody else who has a problem." The Stamford Advocate offers a news piece and a photograph while the New Haven Register (registration: peruvia/peruvia) offers a column which suggests he lost his leg while in the Army after stepping "on an explosive device planted by terrorists." NOTE: "Within the past year he had walked through Ecuador, Peru and Chile, a distance of about 2,800 miles. It took him 5½ months." Monoya's web site accepts donations.

Tragedy in Ica: The Associated Press, Bloomberg, Reuters and Xinhua all report on a bus accident on the Panamericana near Palpa, Ica which claimed 37 lives "when two Peruvian buses crashed head-on in thick fog." Said one anonymous police officer, "It was a head-on crash. We believe one of the buses left its lane to pass a truck." Xinhua says it was closer to Nasca. Skynews offers a photograph of the scene.

Tragedy in Miami: The Miami Herald and the Sun Sentinel report on a tragic story of Janeen Lopez who "died in a wrong-way collision on Florida's Turnpike [as] she was on her way to pick up her parents returning from a family visit in Peru."

Ayahuasca in French Film: The Indepdendent reviews the French, Western film 'Blueberry' (based on 'The Blueberry Saga') by director Jan Kounen and starring Vincent Cassel who says, "I went with Jan to Peru and took ayahuasca with the Shipibo-conibo tribe. Did I hallucinate? You bet! I saw snakes. You know there are scientists researching into what ayahuasca does to your metabolism. Some of them think that these intertwined snakes are a visualisation of DNA. Meaning that these Indian tribes are in contact with the meaning of life."

AMendoza Transfers to Ukraine: Reuters reports that "Peruvian winger Andres Mendoza has transferred from Belgian club Bruges to Metallurg Donetsk in Ukraine, the Belgian FA confirmed on Friday. Mendoza, 26, broke his contract with Bruges in June." SEE ALSO: 'AMendoza Leaves Bruges' in June 30's Peruvia. IN UKRANIAN: See Metallurg Donetsk's website.

COPA News:

NOTE: Official Schedule.

- In Print: The Miami Herald and the Washington Post run similar wire stories.

- Theatricals 1, Referrees 0: Reuters offers an editorial of the Copa so far.

- Brazil 1, Chile 0: The Associated Press and Reuters

- Paraguay 1, Costa Rica 0: Associated Press


Thursday, July 08, 2004

(COPA News at the Bottom of Today’s Summary)

Trans-Oceanic Highway: National Geographic asks, "Can Tourists Save a Peruvian Rain Forest?" in an article about Amazon Center for Environmental Education and Research (ACEER) and their work in Madre de Dios. One of ACEER's goals is "a controversial road project that aims to connect the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. The highway is expected to run through Puerto Maldonado soon and promises to increase development in the region." CITED: Roger Mustalish (ACEER's president), Diego Shoobridge (director of the ParksWatch's Peruvian division). ALSO: "The National Geographic Society is helping fund the facility, which ACEER operates in partnership with the Peruvian ecotourism company Inkaterra. The facility, called ACEER-Tambopata at Inkaterra (ATI), is open to tourists and scientists from around the world." NOTE: "As plans for the paved road—known as the Transoceanica—take shape, ACEER is creating a series of computer models that demonstrate potential impacts of the project based on varying levels of conservation." WHAT? "ACEER is constructing a canopy walkway in the cloud forest between the Andes mountains and the Amazon Basin. Partners in the project include Amazon Conservation Association and the National Geographic Society."

CGTP Union Leader Threatened: The Voice of America reports (based on Reuters) that Mario Huaman Rivera, head of the Confederación General de Trabajadores del Perú, "says a package containing a hand grenade was sent to his home" a week before the planned July 14 national strike he is organizing." NOTE: "He says the government or other unspecified groups could have been responsible." DETAILS: "Mr. Huaman says a man delivered the package and a flower arrangement to his house on Tuesday. He says his wife later received a phone call warning not to open the package because it contained an explosive device." SEE ALSO: This June 21 interview Huaman gave to Reuters.

BEER Wars: Dow Jones (last item) and Just Drinks report that Brazilian brewer "Ambev has said that its battle to show that the Peruvian brewer Union de Cervecerias Peruanas Backus & Johnston (Backus), has alledgedly abused its monopoly position hasn't been decided yet. Ambev and Backus are in a legal fight that centres around the demand by Ambev to be able to use the bottles that Backus also uses in the local market." SEPARATELY: Dow Jones reports that Colombian brewer Bavaria "has again denied paying any bribes to help it win control of Backus." According to company president Ricardo Obregon: "In the name of the Bavaria group I have to express my absolute indignation for the campaign that has started to damage our image. Bavaria hasn't paid any bribe to any official in Peru nor anywhere else in the world."

Mining Las Bambas, cont.: Dow Jones reports on the five companies who "remain very interested in the Las Bambas copper project [in Apurimac] now that the bidding regulations and the date for the auction have changed," according to Ministry of Mines and Energy Jaime Quijandria, who "declined to name the five companies." NOTE: "The bidding rules have been changed to include the $40 million base price but no minimum royalty." SEE ALSO: 'Mining Las Bambas' in yesterday's Peruvia.

More Mining:
- Reuters reports that Peru's copper output in May "rose to 77,392 tonnes, up 14.1% compared with the same month in 2003, on the back of a 2-1/2 fold production increase at Tintaya mine, a unit of BHP Billiton," according to the Ministry of Mining and Energy.
- Bloomberg reports that Monterrico Metals shares "rose to a record high in London after its partner in the Pico Machay gold project in Peru, Absolut Resources Corp., said it found gold during exploratory drilling."
- Dow Jones reports that "gold output totaled 13,340 kilograms in May, down 6.3% compared with the same month a year before," according to the Ministry of Mines and Energy. NOTE: "The decline was due mainly to weaker production at Barrick Gold Corp.'s Pierina mine due to lower grade ore, and at Minera Yanacocha, due to a reduction in mineral treated.
- Canadian Press reports that "Canadian Shield Resources has struck a deal to acquire most of the Peruvian gold and copper exploration assets of Gallant Minerals ... for cash and shares worth about $1.1 million US. As well, Canadian Shield will have to spend $1.5 million US on the properties over the next two years."

P-PK On the Economy, cont.: Reuters reports that "Peru wants to issue $1 billion in 10- to 15-year bonds to prepay obligations to its biggest creditor, the so-called Paris Club," according to the Minister of Economy Finances Pedro Pablo Kuczynski who said, ""We owe about $700 (million) to $800 (million) a year in amortizations (to the Paris Club) for the next five years, and what we'd like to do is reduce this by around $200 million ... refinancing this in the market." NOTE: "As of March, Peru owed $8.543 billion to the Paris Club ... of that, $1.09 billion falls due in 2005, the crunch year for Paris Club repayments." ALSO: When asked about this year's GDP, P-PK responded, "This is a bit like the Romans looking at chicken livers to see what the weather will be like. Who knows, maybe we'll reach 5%; the last quarter looks very good." SEPARATELY: Reuters follows up on yesterday's Bloomberg piece on the Central Bank's possible lifting of "interest rates to keep its annual inflation goal on track," according to severl analysts including Guillermo Diaz (Banco Wiese Sudameris) and Pablo Secada (Peruvian Institute of Economy). NOTE: The Central Bank's board next meets in early August. ALSO: "Economy Minister Pedro Pablo Kuczynski this week expressed concern over rising prices, but said it was a temporary blip and he was sure the Central Bank would take necessary steps."

Diez Canseco at MercoSur: Reuters notes through a photograph that Minister of Commerce Alfredo Diez Canseco attended the Mercosur economic bloc summit official photo, at their hotel in Puerto Iguazu, Argentina.

Yankee Says Telefonica Doesn't Charge Enough The Yankee Group editorializes: "Peru Pushes Too Far with Tariff Decreases." Included: OSIPTEL's May revision of Telefónica del Perú’s productivity factor which will determine tariffs from 2004 to 2007. NOTE: "There are significant risks if price cap formulas are wrong. If set too high, price caps open opportunities for incumbents to reap excessive profits, with no guarantee that cost savings will be passed onto consumers. If set too low, price controls act as disincentives for market entry." The Yankee Group provides telecommunications strategies for Latin American companies. SEE ALSO: 'Peruvia to Telefonica: 'No Deal' in June 10's Peruvia.

Is Peru the Economic Model?: The Manila Bulletin reports on the debate in the Philippine's national congress about whether taxes are needed to "prevent fiscal crisis" and states that Rep. Jesli Lapus, vice chairman of the House committee on ways and means, "suggested that the government may consider adopting the measure taken by the Peruvian government, which started with making its citizens aware of the importance of the issuance of official receipts. Through that measure, Peru was able to track down tax cheats like doctors, entrepreneurs, and other professionals who misdeclare their incomes. [Said] Lapuz, "I suggest that the Philippine government adopt the Peru model, which was proven to be effective." SEPARATELY: The Economist has an article on 'How Alejandro Toledo became Latin America's least popular president.' The Answer: "Strikes, Sleaze and Violence."

Red Cross Honours Documentary on Peru: The International Red Cross announced in a press release that they awarded their Press Prize at the 44th Monte Carlo Television Festival on 3 July to director Daniel Pera, journalist Andrés Luque and cameraman Jesús Mata of the Spanish television network TVE for their documentary entitled Perú, la verdad sobre el espanto (Peru: the truth about the horror). "The 52-minute film reports on the tragic consequences of the armed conflict between the Peruvian armed forces, the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement and the Shining Path. ALSO: "The ICRC Press Prize encourages television networks to promote international humanitarian law in their programming and to draw attention to “forgotten” conflicts. This was skilfully managed by the winning team, who pieced together the accounts of many individuals to reveal the horror experienced by Peru’s civilian population." IN SPANISH: See TVE's press release.

Peruvian Complains in the Philippines: The Philippines' Freeman runs a whole article on Ana Maria Espinoza, a Peruvian delegate to the international meeting of veterinarians in Cebu who "complained to Philippine Airlines about her luggage having been pilfered" at the Mactan Cebu International Airport. Espinoza is the Directora General at the Centro de Produccion Biologicos which is part of the Instituto Nacional de Salud. MISSING: Her set of jewelry - necklace, earrings and ring. Yet while the other foreigner was being reimbursed for the damaged baggage, Espinoza’s request for reimbursement was denied.”

Scholarship for Journalists: International Journalists' Network notes that there are scholarships for Peruvian journalists (among others) for an Internet seminar in the Netherlands from May 9 to June 17, 2005. Scholarships "cover travel, accommodation and course fees."

Peruvian Stopping Chagas: The Science and Development Network reports that researchers in Peru and Spain "say they have taken an important step towards developing a vaccine against Chagas disease, which infects an estimated 12 million people in Latin America, killing tens of thousands each year." A protein "being used in the potential vaccine controls ... was identified by Ofélia Magdalena Córdoba, of the University of Trujillo.

Peruvian with Zampoña in USA Airforce: The USA Air Force Link reports on Airman Fredy Pasco, of the 22nd Maintenance Operations Squadron, may be "the only zampoña player" in the Air Force. (The piece has run in other media including the last page of this newsletter.) NOTE: "Airman Pasco touched American soil for the first time April 16, 1998." ALSO: “I’m a Hispanic; I came from the very bottom of the United States,” he said. “I lived in a trailer and sometimes didn’t have food to eat.”

Movies at Leoncio Prado: The [North] Korean Central News Agency "Korean documentary films "'Iron-Ranks, Korean People's Army" and "Panmunjom" were shown at Leoncio Prado Military School of Peru on June 28."

Other Sports:
- Denver's Rocky Mountain News reports on jockey Rafael Bejarano, "the 22-year-old rider from Peru [who] won the spring meet riding title at Churchill Downs, bringing home more winners than Hall of Famer Pat Day."
- The Los Angeles Times previews the Honda Element U.S. Open of Surfing and notes that "in the women's field, more big names are entered like Sofia Mulanovich, the World Championship Tour ratings leader from Peru. Mulanovich won three in a row in Fiji, Tahiti and France and looks like a shoo-in for the women's world title this year. She also surfs Huntington well."

COPA America

NOTE: Official Schedule; Reuters has the leading scorers.

Game of the Day: Argentina's 6-1 victory over Ecuador is 'a rout' (Bloomberg), 'agoalfest' in the Washington Post, 'a thrashing' (CNA), 'a romp' in Miami Herald and 'a smash' (VOA and Australia's news agency.) See also Agence France Press, Reuters, Xinhua, and FIFA reviews and a separate Reuters story which ponders the resignation of Ecuador's coach and yet another Reuters story on the Argentine version of the story. The Los Angeles Times focuses on Uruguay's 2-2 tie with Mexico in Chiclayo (see also Reuters).

More Photos Surrounding the Copa: Reuters offers several photos of the ceremonies surrounding the Copa in Lima and The Northern Report has F-O-T-O-S of street celebrations in Chiclayo.

Round Up of News:
- Peru v. Venezuela: SquareFootball says the odds are 8/15 for Peru. The Times of London thinks Venezuela can pull it off.
- Colombia 1 - Venezuela 0: Reuters
- Brazil v. Chile: Reuters #1 and Reuters #2
- Mexico v. Uruguay: Associated Press
- Paraguay v. Costa Rica: Associated Press


Wednesday, July 07, 2004

Toledo in Spain, cont.: The Associated Press follows yesterday's Reuters story on Peru's new agreements with Spain "to coordinate immigration flows between the two nations, prevent double taxation and swap about $22 million of foreign debt for public investment." The agreements came as a result of President Toledo's visit to Madrid.

P-PK On The Economy: Bloomberg reports that Minister of Economy and Finance Pedro-Pablo Kuczynski said "the country's central bank will probably raise interest rates and let the sol currency strengthen to slow inflation," according to Gestion. NOTE: "The minister said faster inflation was due to a drought in the Andes and the increasing of fuel prices, the paper said."

HIV/AIDS in Peru: The InterPress Service news agency reports on the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) global report ('UNAIDS 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic') and its impact on Latin America. "Andean and Central American countries are seeing alarming increases in the number of people with HIV, some nearing 50 percent for the 2001-2003 period. Such is the case Peru (53,000 to 82,000)." SEE ALSO: The UNAIDS press release and their page on Peru.

US Navy in Punta Salinas: The USA Navy Newstand reports from Salinas Bay on the port's first multinational amphibious assault with "Naval and Marine Corps Forces from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and the United States." NOTE: "The assault is part of UNITAS 45-04 Amphibious Phase, which is hosted by Peru and sponsored by Commander U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command." ALSO: "The 1st battalion was commanded by Peruvian Lt. Cmdr. Gaetano Guevara. ... The first wave of Marines and Peruvian Army and Navy special operations units arrived by sea and air to clear the beach from hidden explosives." ALSO INCLUDED: Four photographs of the exercise including a Peruvian amphibious assault vehicle and Peruvian commandos. SEE ALSO: For more on Salinas Bay, see p. 43 of this USA military document on the Peruvian seashore.

US Navy in Iquitos: The USA Navy Newstand reports from Iquitos on the "4th Medical Battalion, participating in the amphibious phase of UNITAS 45-04, is conducting a 10-day medical community outreach ... One surgeon, three family-practice doctors, two nurses and four corpsmen, joined local Peruvian health professionals in providing free medical attention to poor residents of Iquitos and other towns along the Amazon river." (See also an accompanying photograph.)

CARE in Huaraz: The Atlanta Journal and Constitution reports that a group of CARE Corps Teens from Georgia was surprised by Peruvian hospitality in Humacchuco near Huaraz. Said one participant: "The way they treated us was amazing. They had nothing to eat but would give you anything they had." The article is accompanied by a photograph from Humacchuco. SEE ALSO: CARE's press release on the same group.

Mining Las Bambas: Bloomberg reports that "BHP Billiton, the world's largest mining company, is evaluating a bid for Peru's Las Bambas copper deposit after a new royalty on mining sales was proposed by the country's congress," according to a company statment. NOTE: "In Peru, BHP owns about a third of Cia. Minera Antamina SA, which operates one of the world's largest copper-zinc mines. It also operates another copper mine at Tintaya, southeast of Lima."

Anarchy in Ayacucho, cont.: The World Socialist Web Site (third item) catches up with the riots in Ayacucho: "The confrontation began July 1 when security forces attempted to force striking teachers from the Education Ministry, a building they had occupied for eight days." NOTE: "According to official reports, 48 people were wounded and 15 protesters arrested."

The Other Inca Trails: The Guardian offers a full-length piece on UNESCO's warnings on Cuzco which evolves into a mid-week travel article. NOTE: "A couple of years ago, a survey by Japanese geologists from the Disaster Prevention Research Institute at the Kyoto University suggested the earth beneath the 2,250m-high city is moving at a rate of up to one centimetre per month." ALSO: Machu Picchu remains the number one must-see in South America. And, as such, the hunt is now on for new Inca ruins as a viable, ecologically sound alternative. What most people don't realise, however, is that there's no shortage of alternative Inca trails. CITED: Efrain Condori (United Mice). LEADING ALTERNATIVE: The Choquequirao Trail.

LAN Finances: Reuters reports that "the two top shareholders in Chilean airline LAN said on Tuesday they have signed a controlling pact that analysts say aims to ensure their management of the firm and to uphold their share value prior to the sale of 10 percent of the company's stock." The Shareholders: the Cueto family (31.8% ownership) and Chilean entrepreneur Sebastian Pinera (6.14% ownership).

Keiko: Wedding And/Or Jail? The UPI follows up with Keiko Fujimori and her statements on the allegations of misused funds: "These allegations are false. I merely solicited foreign donations in order to speed up their receipt, and the funds arrived at their intended destinations. If because of that they want to send me to jail, here I am." The Washington Times runs a condensed version of the story.

Museum #1: The Calgary Sun reviews "a coming exclusive exhibit of tomb artifacts from a bygone Peruvian civilization" at the Nickle Arts Museum which "should put them on the map." CITED: Museum Director Ann Davis. NOTE: The exhibit will include 250 pieces from Peru's Sican National Museum in January 2006. CONNECTION: Former University of Calgary archaeology student Carlos Elera Arévalo who's now the director of the Sican Museum in Ferreñafe, Lambayeque.

Museum #2: The Philadelphia Museum of Art is exhibiting 'Underfoot: Photographs by Irving Penn. According to this press release, "Irving Penn's appetite for portraits inspired him to photograph not only some of the most famous people of our era but also to travel all over the world in search of ethnographical images such as those he brought back from Peru in 1948. One of these photographs from the "Cuzco Children" series in 1948 broke the artist's highest price bid at auction (USD 62,000 - 18-April-2002, Christie's New York)."

Healthy Peruvian Food: New York's Journal News reports on Hispanics and healthy eating and says, ""Peruvian food for me is very healthy. (But) if I combine arroz con pollo with papa a la huancaina, I know I will get fat," according to one Rosa Villegas. CITED: William Morante, owner of Chim Pum Callao restaurant.

COPA News:

The Copa and Culture: The Northern Report offers a photo essay of Chiclayo welcoming the Copa to town. The wires also offer several photos of how the Copa is invading Peruvian life including one of "Demetrio Benitez Rosas,73, [who] repairs balls for US$1.50 at his shop near the Univesrity stadium in Arequipa."

Security at Copa, cont.: The Associated Press adds photos to yesterday's story on the 36,500 cops providing security during the Copa. See also these other photographs.

Peru 2 – Bolivia 2: The Associated Press and Reuters offers some post-game analysis and states that "Peru promised a cooler, more intelligent brand of football in their next Copa America matches after a shaky 2-2 draw with Bolivia in their opener on Tuesday.” NOTE: “Despite almost total domination of the Group A match, Peru had to fight back from two goals down.” Reuters offers at least two analyses of the Peru-Bolivia tie credits Palacios for the good parts and blames the refs for the bad parts. Agence France Press also has a lively recounting of the match. The BBC addresses Palacios like this: "Great sportsmen often have a different conception of time from ordinary mortals." ALSO: P-H-O-T-O-G-R-A-P-H-S.

In Print: The Los Angeles Times uses the Associated Press story on the Peru-Bolivia tie match. Roberto Palacios' footwork "allowed the host nation to escape a potentially embarrassing loss." ALSO: Colombia in a 1-0 victory over Venezuela which meant it was their "seventh consecutive win in Copa America without conceding a goal." The Miami Herald and the Washington Post use 'wire services' for their Copa stories both of which included yesterday's matches. The MHerald also offers intrigue on the Brazilian team as well as plenty of other non-Copa football news. See Also: Recaps in the Guardian

- Brazil gets a Reuters story.

- Colombia's 1-0 victory over Venezuela is reported in the Associated Press, the BBC, Bloomberg, and Reuters and gets photographs as well.

- Costa Rica gets several photographs of the team arriving in Arequipa.

- Mexico gets stories in the Associated Press, the San Jose Mercury News, and Reuters.

- Uruguay gets a story in Glasgow's Evening Times.

- Leading Scorers are listed in Reuters.

Luringancho Copa, cont.: Reuters keeps pushing its Luringancho Copa story. China's People's Daily offers a late introduction to the Copa but it have individual pages for each team.


Tuesday, July 06, 2004

Toledo in Spain, cont.: Reuters reports on President Toledo's press conference upon departing Spain where he declared that "I am leaving with both my pockets full: one with optimism and hope for the future and the other with concrete results," after having negotiated "deals on debt relief, taxation and immigration." NOTE: This was the first state visit by a Peruvian president to Madrid in 60 years. ALSO: "Madrid agreed to write off 22 million euros ($27.10 million) of Peru's debt on condition the money would be spent on public infrastructure. ... Spain is [Peru's] largest foreign investor."

Trade And Health: The United Nations reports that as the United States and Peru negotiate a bilateral trade pact, Paul Hunt, the UN Commission on Human Rights’ Special Rapporteur on the right to physical and mental health, said "too many Peruvians already die from treatable diseases and other medical conditions." NOTE: "The trade agreement must improve – not further impede – access to essential medicines, especially for those living in poverty,” he said in a statement yesterday after returning from an official visit to Peru. ALSO: "The Special Rapporteur was on Mission to Peru from 6 to 15 June 2004 and will issue a report of his mission in the autumn of 2004." SEE ALSO: Hunt's statement

AeroContinente Still Flying: Reuters reports that Aero Continente "is confident it will get new insurance when its current policy runs out on July 10, despite its assets being embargoed under a U.S. ban," according to airline spokesman German Arata. NOTE: "Aero Continente cannot continue to operate without insurance." CITED: Minister of Transportation Jose Ortiz who commented on the Arequipa judge's stance on Lan Peru: "Here we have a judicial action ... that might seem strange or not, but the fact is that it has happened at an inopportune time."

Peruvians Abusing Peruvians: New York Newsday continues its investigation yesterday and today on the 69 Peruvians who were caught up in the smuggling ring in Long Island. Yesterday's piece suggested that these 69 did not travel the same route most Peruvian immigrants use. "More routinely, the workers pay a smuggler to transport them and then establish independent lives once they arrive, finding work and housing on their own to pay off passage debts as high as $20,000. Or, they come on a student or tourist visa, and stay after the visa expires." The article details some of the alternate routes. Today's piece includes a graph showing the 7,000 miles one of the 69 took which cost him $7,000. José Ibañez, Mariluz Zavala and their daughter, Evelyn Ibañez, the Peruvians accused of masterminding the affair, have suggested that "they are the victims -- maligned by their tenants' false accusations of slavery." ALSO: "Authorities did not explain the security breach at the U.S. Embassy in Peru that enabled Zavala or Ibañez, 42, to illegally obtain such [visas]."

Social/Economic Unrest: Pravda reports on the Peruvian and Bolivian governments which "have been under constant pressure from their impoverished people. In addition, indigenous peoples' uprisings confront unpopular leaders." It offers a review of Ilave and Ayacucho. ALSO: "The 20th century natives combine ancient methods with modern demands to obtain what they want and resist unfair plans imposed by the multinational credit organization. This is something the Westernized national authorities cannot understand, leading to virtual break down of communication between both sides."

- Coffee Exports Halted: Reuters reports that "up to 35% of Peru's coffee exports are departing two weeks late because of a rise in shipping costs and a shortage of space on boats," according to Ricardo Huancaruna (Perales Huancaruna - Perhusa) who declared that "Since May, shippers have doubled their costs for each container to US$1,600, and not all the coffee is getting onto its designated shipments." NOTE: "Perhusa, whose sales make up 20 to 25 per cent of Peru's annual coffee exports, sends between 700,000 and one million bags abroad every year."

- Exporters Dialogue with Unions: The United Press International reports that the Association of Exporters of Peru are "asking union organizers of a strike later in the month to make plans to minimize the strike's impact on exports." The Numbers: "Last May, exporters said that Peru exported $712 million for the month, 76 percent of it by sea, and $351 million from the port of Callao. Of the 38 ports in Peru, only 13 are involved in external trade, chief among them, after Callao, are Ilo, Chimbote, Paita, Iquitos and Salaverry."

- Backus Wins: Dow Jones reports that Union de Cervecerias Peruanas Backus & Johnston "has won a victory in a legal battle involving Brazil's Companhia de Bebidas das Americas." Among the obstacles: the beer bottle exchange system. NOTE: "AmBev has accused Backus of trying to thwart its entry by barring it from manufacturing the 620 milliliter beer bottles widely used in Peru. More than 85% of beer is consumed from those large bottles, which are exchanged when empty for full bottles."

Mining Auction Delayed: Dow Jones and Reuters reports that "Peru has delayed the auction of its world-class Las Bambas copper deposit by more than a month to Aug. 31 pending congressional study of a royalties law," according to ProInversion. NOTE: "The delay was at the request of the companies interested. The auction -- which has already been delayed several times and which the government had said it would not postpone again -- was set for July 23." Separately, the Economist and the Financial Times serve up bleak essays on what should be a rosier outlook. The Financial Timess editorializes on the 'myopic populism' of Latin America where commodity-rich countries had a windfall last year which "contributed to the region's first current account surplus in half a century." NOTE: "The logic [of the market] is compelling but it seems be eluding many politicians - especially in four countries of the troubled Andean region where populist anti- business sentiment is widespread." FT suggests that "in Peru, congressmen have succeeded in stifling investor interest in a big new copper deposit by introducing a crude and poorly thought out royalties scheme that takes no account of the price cycle. ... To take advantage of higher prices it may be sensible to impose windfall taxes, although these will need to be more carefully thought out than those announced recently in Peru." Bloomberg reports on "Chile's government proposal yesterday to congress a 3% charge to boost proceeds from some of the world's richest copper deposits."

- Inca Pacific announced in a press release the "restructuring of [their] obligations to place its Magistral copper-molybdenum deposit into production." NOTE: On January 8, 2001, Ancash Cobre S.A. became the 100% owner of the Magistral property subject only to a net profits royalty in favor of the Government of Peru and the obligation to place the property into production within five years."

- Southwestern Resources Corp. announced in a press release that "ongoing surface exploration at the Antay Porphyry Copper Project has resulted in expanding the area extent of the Sayta Porphyry."

- Plexmar Resources announced in a press release that " it has recently completed its ground geophysics program on its' gold and silver Cascajal Project" in La Libertad in the Yanacocha-Pierina gold belt.

- Wealth Minerals announced in a press release that "it has entered into an agreement with a private Peruvian company to acquire the Amata Project" in Arequipa.

- Candente Resource announced in a press release that they have begun "diamond drilling on its wholly-owned Alto Dorado property located in Northern Peru. A total of 3,000 meters ("m") (9840 feet) of core drilling is currently planned for the Alto Dorado property and is expected to be carried out in two phases. The same drill will be used to carry out an additional 3,000 m of core drilling on Candente's wholly-owned Canariaco Copper project.

De Soto's Philippine Connection: The Manila Inquirer reports that "President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo has Peruvian economist Hernando de Soto tapped as one of her economic advisers. Presidential spokesperson Ignacio Bunye said Ms Arroyo got De Soto as a consultant because he was an authority on asset management and an exponent for the full use of idle assets." ALSO: "Bunye said he was not sure how much De Soto would be paid but noted that most consultants of the President were giving their service free of charge."

Pilot on the Fifty: Connecticut's Hartford Courant (registration: peruvia/peruvia) reports on the issuance of the new $50 bill and states: "The bills were redesigned to make counterfeiting more difficult. But let's face it: Other countries have beautiful currency." Peru's currency has included "a doomed airplane pilot Jose Abelardo Quinoñtes Gonzales (sic), who sacrificed himself during a battle against Ecuador in 1941."

Is Apple of Peru Dangerous? SeedQuest (a agricultural site) reviews the "apple of Peru known for its beautiful purple flowers and its ability to repel insects. In agricultural fields, however, it shows a different face — a nasty, invasive one — and it could become the next weed nightmare for field and vegetable crops in Ohio and other areas of the United States." NOTE: "A native of the Andes region in South America, apple of Peru belongs to the same family, Solanaceae, as tomatoes, peppers and potatoes."

Peru & Cuba: Cuba's Adelante reports that "International solidarity continues to expand around the case of the five Cuban political prisoners being held in the US for actions in the fight against terrorism. The Peruvian Committee in Solidarity with the Five issued a statement in which the jurists of that nation have committed themselves to fighting for the five Cuban political prisoners arrested in the US for penetrating anti-Cuba terrorist groups in South Florida.

- LHorna Defeated: Reuters reports on Luis Horna's defeat by Fernando Gonzalez (Chile) 6-3 6-2 at the Swedish Open ATP tournament. Tennis magazine says Horna was trounced."

- Surfer Village reports that Gabriel Villaran is participating at the ASP World Qualifying Series in South Africa.

COPA News:
- Columbia vs. Venezuela 6:15 pm
- Peru vs. Bolivia 8:30 pm

- ESPN has a good scoring sheet posted and FIFA runs a UNICEF piece on children and soccer.

General Review: The Los Angeles Times, the Miami Herald, and New York Times, with the LATimes being the best of the bunch. The NYTimes piece reports that "the United States had been invited along with Mexico, but United States soccer officials decided that preparations for the next round of World Cup qualifying and the Major League Soccer season took priority." CITED: Pablo Ramirez (Univision) who "will be calling early-round matches from a studio in Miami before traveling to Peru for the latter stages of the tournament." The LATimes says that "Euro 2004 was a memorable tournament," and Copa America "will have to go far to match it." The article includes Mexico Coach Ricardo Lavolpe's complaints about the wind (see yesterday's Peruvia), Argentina and Mexico's "full-strength teams" and Paraguay's "under-23 team." The papers cite anti-government protests, a planned general strike and a squabble that could ground a majority of domestic air travel. The MHerald oddly turns tabloid and uses a Reuters piece on "eight witch doctors" who called on the spirits to bring luck to the 12 teams in the Copa America" citing "lead shaman Juan Osco." The shaman get several related photographs. ALSO: "While Lima is a modern city in many ways, rural customs such as shamanic rituals have been brought to the capital by millions of Andean and Amazon Indians, who migrated from the impoverished provinces in search of better lives." At least the Herald quotes the man-in-the-street, one Alberto Ramirez who casts aspersions on the whole witch doctor analysis. The BBC and Sky Sport offer perfuntory kick-offs to the tournament. FIFA offers "the winding road from Peru to Germany."

Security At Copa: The Associated Press reports that "some 36,500 police will provide security for Copa America." DETAILS: "The security force is split up, with 16,000 police guarding seven stadiums and the remaining 20,500 officers protecting hotels, airports and strategic public areas," according to police General Felix Murazo.

Photos Around Copa: The Northern Report offers a photo essay on Chiclayo receiving the interational players and the Associated Press has several non-football photographs.

The Biz of Soccer: Bloomberg reports that the Copa "will boost the number of tourists to a record 1 million in 2004" who will "spend about $80 million during the three-week contest." CITED: Janet Perez the reception desk manager of Grand Hotel Chiclayo and economist Jorge Luis Rodriguez (Centura SAB). Separately, Univision releases yet one more press release.

- Peru going for "a draw." (Associated Press)

- Argentina's coach (Reuters), two retired coaches travel on same plane (Reuters).

- Brazil's injuries (Reuters) and photographs from Melgar Stadium in Arequipa; Brazil's goalies (Associated Press);

- Chile's team arrives in Arequipa in these Associated Press photographs.

- Costa Rica's odds (Read-A-Bet)

- Ecuador's match with Argentina (Associatd Press)

- Mexico's coach (Reuters); Mexico's chances (Houston Chronicle)

- Uruguay has a Reuters article and several photographs of their team in Chiclayo.

Copa in Asia: The VietNam News Agency notes that "Ha Noi Radio and Television will broadcast live the football championship of South America - Copa America 2004 - which is scheduled to be held in Peru from July 7-26 (Ha Noi time)."


Monday, July 05, 2004

State of Emergency in the Air: The Associated Press, Reuters, and Xinhua Net report that the Toledo government "declared a 90-day state of emergency in its air transport sector to keep planes flying during this month's Copa America soccer competition and overcome a judicial ruling that grounds the tournament's official airline, LanPeru." Reuters also mentions that "hundreds of airport workers, who are against plans to bring in private operators to run the country's airports, threaten to join a planned general strike on July 14 if the government does not agree to talks." The Associated Press reports on the "a civil aviation emergency as the two leading carriers face legal woes that could present problems for domestic flights." While Reuters says that "a state of emergency allows airlines to hire planes from foreign companies more easily," the AP's reporting makes it clearer: "The decree gives a handful of smaller carriers the authority to lease foreign planes in the case that one or both of the leading carriers shut down during the tournament." The Miami Herald (second item) runs an AP summary of the account. However, in its summary, the Herald publishes mistaken information saying that Aviandina "faces its own problems after it was placed on a U.S. blacklist for companies suspected of engaging in drug trafficking." It is parent company AeroContinente which is on the blacklist.

Toledo In Spain: The Reuters offers photographs of President Toledo's trip to Spain including images of Toledo with King Juan Carlos and Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, a couple of photographs of Toledo and the King, and Toledo, the King, and their spouses, Eliane Karp and the Queen, among other photographs.

Tax Revenue is Up: Dow Jones reports that “Peru's overall tax revenues, excluding certain contributions, reached 1.972 billion soles ($1=PEN3.4685) in June, a 15% increase in real terms over the same period a year earlier,” according to SUNAT. NOTE: “Tax collections have now grown for 23 consecutive months.” ALSO: “Customs revenues were PEN969 million in June, a 17.8% increase in real terms compared to the same month a year ago. In the first six months of the year, collections of customs revenues were 7.5% higher than the same period a year before.” IN SPANISH: SUNAT recently re-posted for COPA travellers the guidelines for what to declare when you travel into Peru.

Peace & Hope Calls for Dialogue in Ayacucho: ALC Noticias (third item) reports that the Peace and Hope Association called for dialogue in the aftermath of the violence in Ayacucho. In a public declaration they stated: "All social demands are fair when the objectives they seek are related to a collective interest and are backed by a population that is informed about the nature and purpose of those demands." ALSO: "We reject the disproportionate use of public force, on the part of State agents as well as the extreme violence of certain sectors of demonstrators who have not measured the consequences of their actions and are causing grave damage to citizens and their basic rights." ALC is also the first English media to identify the faction of the Sutep teacher's union that called for the strike: Pukallacta. ALSO: "While Sutep leaders held meetings with representatives from the Ministry of Education, representatives from Pukallacta were not recognized." CITED: Jose Nalvarte (SUTEP), Robert Huaynalaya (Pukallacta) and Prime Minister Carlos Ferrero. SEE ALSO: 'Anarchy in Ayacucho' in July 3's Peruvia.

Archbishop of Cuzco Receives Pallium: The Catholic News Agency reports that Archbishop of Cuzco Juan Antonio Ugarte Pérez, among others, received the pallium from the Pope last week. The pallium "is a Y-shaped loose collar worn over the chasuble at Mass on special occasions in the archbishop’s own diocese. It is the symbol of the jurisdiction that only the Pope can give an archbishop."

Peruvians Entering the USA, etc.: The Associated Press follows up on yesterday's Courier on US Senator Charles Grassley's "concern about reports that U.S. embassy officials [in Lima] are questioning the motives of students abroad applying for visas to study in Iowa."

Too Many Tourists in MPicchu: Scotland's Evening News catches up with the UNESCO declaration on Machu Picchu's tourist problem. "It is a sad irony that the biggest threat to the wonders of the world is often the very people whom they inspire the most." ALSO: "And the notion that we risk losing sites such as Machu Picchu for good if tourism is allowed to continue unchecked is a global concern." SEE ALSO: ‘Too Many Tourists in MPicchu’ in June 30’s Peruvia.

Protestant Conference on the Media: ALC Noticias (fourth item) reported on COICOM Peru, a conference held in Lima on the challenges confronting Christian journalists and communicators and included the participation of Congressmen Henry Pease and Walter Alejos. CITED: Pedro Ferreira (Pacific Communications Group), Rafael Goto and Rodolfo Lesn (National Advertisers Association).

Copa América News

- General Survey: Australia's SBS football site has the most comprehensive news about the Copa including analysis of Group A (Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela), Group B (Argentina, Uruguay, Ecuador, Mexico), and Group C (Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Costa Rica). Sports Illustrated/CNN is still focused on Europe. Sky Sports also offers a good overview as does Reuters. The Scotsman provides an apt introduction and notes that Brasil will be without it's three 'R's: Ronaldo, Roberto Carlos, and Ronaldinho. The inaugural match is between Venezuela and Colombia, Tuesday at 6:15 p.m local time.

- Copa and Politics: The Financial Times reports that Copa America "ought to be an occasion for Peru's President Alejandro Toledo to show case" his economic successes but other events keep getting in the way including the airline industries uncertainty and the continued negotiations with the mining industry.

- Peru: The Associated Press leads with this: "A middle-of-the-road South American team, Peru occasionally shine." ALSO: "Erratic form in World Cup qualifying this year has tempered expectations." The Associated Press offers a photograph of Martin Hidalgo and Andres Mendoza practicing yesterday as well as Roberto Palacios, Flavio Maestri and Nolberto Solano, Claudio Pizarro and a fan, among several other photos of the team playing with children.
Reuters also shows a logo of the advertising campaign.

- Argentina: Italy's Inter club reports that "Javier Zanetti, Cristian Kily Gonzalez and the Argentina squad have arrived at their Peruvian retreat in Chiclayo. Over five hundred fans turned up to watch Zanetti and Co play a training match which finished 0-0." Argentina v. Ecuador on Wednesday. The Associated Press says that Coach Bielsa’s head is on the "chopping block" if they don't do well.

- Bolivia: The Associated Press, in a rather desultory piece, reports, that "for more than 90 years, the Copa America has mainly brought frustration to Bolivia, except when playing at home. This year, the South America soccer championship first played in 1910 will be held in Peru, and Bolivia again expects an uphill battle and not much satisfaction." Reuters offers a photograph of a Bolivian fan as a real live chasqui as well as one of a team member.

- Brazil: The Daily Record says that Brazil is sending in "a squad of guinea pigs into the 'laboratory'." But despite "a squad heavy with second-stringers and new faces, Brazil still expect to win the Copa America which begins on Tuesday in Peru." NOTE: Yesterday's story on the Brazil ban on coca tea is repeated in the Associated Press in the Times of India: 'New dope on drinking coca tea.' ALSO: The Associated Press says Coach Carlos Alberto Parreira is not losing sleep over the absence of Brazil's top players. Another Associated Press article reports on some of the unknown faces on the Brazilian squad. Arequipenos were mesmerized by the Brazilians practice.

- Chile: The Associated Press reports that "Coach Juvenal Olmos believes the time has come for Chile to win the Copa America for the first time."

- Colombia: The Associated Press says that Coach Lavolpe is Lavolpe is counting on Rafael Marquez "to fill an offensive void created by the absence of Cuauhtemoc Blanco. The cocky striker was suspended from all South American tournaments for one year after fighting during a Copa Libertadores match in May." The Associated Press has photographs of Team Colombia at the Sporting Cristal Stadium in Lima. Reuters also offers several photographs.

- Ecuador: The Reuters offers photographs of Team Ecuador in Chiclayo.

- Mexico: Reuters reports that Mexico coach Ricardo Lavolpe is blaming the Chiclayo winds "as his biggest headache." Said the coach (and former goalie), "Any kick from the middle of the field could end up in the penalty area." The Associated Press says that Team Mexico is loaded with veteran players. Reuters offers some photographs of Team Mexico in Chiclayo.

- Paraguay: The Associated Press reports that "a young, brash Paraguay heads to the Copa America looking to grab the South American championship but also looking ahead to Athens." Reuters offers photographs of a team member arriving in Arequipa where they will play at San Agustin Staduim.

- Uruguay: The Associated Press offers an overview of the Uruguay's prospects, a team which needs "a quick transformation in Peru to help the team avoid tumbling out of contention." The Associated Press also profiles Diego Forlan on team t"hat will be short on experience" and where he "will be expected to assume a leadership role." Forlan "has struggled to win playing time during his two years at Manchester United."

- Venezuela: The Telegraph reports "no one in the Venezuela squad was born the last time they won a match in the Copa America - 1967. But with improved displays over the last year, Venezuela are confident of shedding their reputation as South America's football doormat and finally commanding some respect in the continent's premier championship." The Associated Press profiles midfielder Juan Arango who "is still surprised by his sudden rise to stardom in this baseball-crazy country where soccer usually takes a backseat." Reuters offers a photograph of a team member.

- More EURO Attention: The BBC reports that now with Greece as the new European champion, attention can be drawn to Copa America. It suggests that "Brazil is experimenting with a reserve squad" and that Argentina coach Marcelo Bielsa "has everything to lose" and arrived in Peru with "as close to full strength as possible."

- USA Television: Florida's Sun-Sentinel's television columnist reports on Univisión and TeleFutura "shuffling their schedules and pre-empting shows to air the oldest and most important Latin American soccer tournament, which will be played in Peru throughout July." History: "Copa América is the oldest surviving international soccer tournament outside the Olympic Games. Two unofficial tournaments were staged in 1910 and 1916, with the first official one held in 1917." ALSO: "This edition of the Copa América is expected to be the most watched in the history of the cup."

- Global Betting: Read-A-Bet has updated their analysis and has even odds on Argentina and Brazil winning the tournament with Peru having 11/2 odds.

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